Bhimgad is a young Wildlife Sanctuary situated in the Sahyadri (Western Ghats) of Belgaum District, north western Karnataka, South India. Carved out of parts ofLonda and Kanakumbi Forest Ranges, Belgaum Forest Division, Belgaum Forest Circle, it was declared on 1st December 2011. Spread over an area of 190.43 sq. km.,Bhimgad’s area is dominated by the landscape of the Sahyadri, comprising of hills, valleys, rugged terrain, laterite plateaus, and the western slopes of the Sahyadri. Following the line of the Sahyadri the crest of which forms its back-bone, Bhimgad is oriented South-East – North-West in direction. The vegetation comprises generally of a belt of Moist Deciduous Forests in its east, an interspersion of moss festooned stunted Semi-Evergreen Forests and laterite plateaus covered with similar vegetation or grasslands in the central belt, and Semi-Evergreen and Moist Deciduous Forests in the slopes, valleys and high hills in thewest. The Sanctuary is named after the centuries old Maratha fort situated on a high hill surrounded by these very forests.

River Mahadayi originates in Bhimgad’s east, flows through it, and leaves it in its western edge to enter Goa. The rainfall ranges from as high as over 3800 mm in its west to less than 1500 mm in its east.The temperatures range from a minimum of 11o C in winter to a high of 36o C in summer. The altitude ranges from less than 100 m above M.S.L. in the Mahadayi valley (west) to more than 800 m above Ghat (in the east), the highest points being 999 m, 992 m and 1010 m above M.S.L. (in the range of hills surrounding Mendil village). Bhimghad is situated between the co-ordinates 15o28’47.1”N - 15o 39’ 34.5”N Latitudes and 74o14’40.8” E to 74o25’31.8” E Longitudes (Ref: Google Maps).